Voters all over the country went to the polls in November to decide on local measures as President Joe Biden scored several legislative wins last year. This year, several of those proposals will become law at the state level.
Several provisions of the Inflation Reduction Act, which passed this summer, will also have an effect on Americans in 2023. In 2023, various measures at the federal and state levels will go into effect, and the following are just a few of them.
Increased Minimum Wage
The minimum wage will rise in nearly half of US states in 2023. States like Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, and Washington implemented their increases on January 1.
Workers in Connecticut won’t notice the hike in their minimum wage until June 1; in Nevada and Florida, the new rates won’t kick in until July 1 and September 30. New York workers outside of the five boroughs, Long Island, and Westchester County are now subject to the increase, which was implemented on Saturday.
The minimum wage in California has increased to $15.50 for all workers, from $14 for employers with 25 or fewer employees and $15 for employers with 26 or more employees. Washington state has the highest minimum wage in the country at $15.74, up from $14.49. But the District of Columbia still has the highest minimum wage in the United States. Prices went up from $16.10 to $16.50 on Sunday, and another $0.70 on July 1.
The Department of Labor reports that the federal minimum wage has been unchanged since 2009, making this the longest period since the minimum wage was first created in 1938. This has prompted widespread calls for a raise in wages across the country. In 2021, Democratic efforts to enact a minimum wage measure with a $15 per hour threshold died in the Senate.
Voters in two states, Maryland and Missouri, authorized recreational marijuana use for adults over the age of 21 in the midterm elections in November. The other three states, Arkansas, North Dakota, and South Dakota, did not have recreational Marijuana on the ballot.
In Missouri, where Marijuana use is now legal thanks to a constitutional amendment, the new legislation will take effect on July 1. Those with prior convictions for distribution-level cannabis possession will be able to seek expungement under the new law.
The amount of cannabis a person in Maryland can legally possess in exchange for a fine rather than criminal penalties will increase from 10 grams (just over a third of an ounce) to 2.5 ounces (just over six plants).
In August of that year, Joe Biden signed the $750 billion Inflation Reduction Act, which included reforms to the country’s healthcare system, tax system, and environmental policies. Starting in 2019, the law will limit the cost of insulin for Medicare recipients to $35.
The Kaiser Family Foundation estimates that in 2020, almost 3.3 million Medicare enrollees would take insulin, with an average expenditure of $54 per insulin prescription. After Senate Democrats failed to secure at least 10 Republican votes to adopt the larger legislation, persons with private health coverage are exempt from the cap.
Tax Credit for Electric Vehicles
The Inflation Reduction Act will also lead to modifications in the electric vehicle tax credit system. The majority of a vehicle’s battery components must be manufactured in North America, and final assembly must take place on the continent, for it to qualify for tax credits under the new rule.
It also requires that the United States or a free-trade partner supply at least 40% of the minerals used in the battery’s production. A tax credit of up to $7,500 may be claimed for qualifying purchases of a new vehicle. Up to $4,000 in tax credits are available to those who buy used electric vehicles, although they cannot exceed 30% of the purchase price.
Purchasers in 2023 will not be able to claim their tax credit until they file their 2024 tax returns for the previous year. However, beginning on January 1, 2024, if customers of electric vehicles agree to transfer the credit to their dealership, they will be able to get the money instantly, at the time of sale.